Personal philosophy of nursing college essay

Personal philosophy of nursing college essay

May 11, 2020 Philosophy of Nursing Essay 0
Personal philosophy of nursing college essay

It seems that everyone already knows that health depends on medicine by only 10%, the rest – in the field of psychology, ecology, lifestyle, component, in most countries, there is a general belief in the dominant place of the doctor in it – that’s what patients and doctors think. Besides, the system itself delegates more functions, requires more responsibility, while forgetting that the patient’s life depends only on a certain percentage of the doctor. It is in the hands of the entire. So now the responsibility of each member of this team is rethinking, and therefore the functions that should be delegated to each of them. There have been cases where nurses have been “mechanically attached” to the doctor and performed only the intended manipulations.

The first to abandon such a “model” in developed Western countries. They counted how long the doctor spent the patient and how much the nurse had with him. Even with the psychological aspects, the nurse wins: she has more personalized conversations with the patient, cares more about the patient, and is therefore trustworthy. Also, she is with him in the area of ​​the so-called evening comfort, when one wants to pour soul and feel the support of others. During such conversations, the nurse can “uncover” what is closest to the truth, as doctors often work with the legend of “medical illness” without even realizing it.

Moreover, if a person is ill for a long time and carries with him a thick outpatient card on which he “buys” a doctor, without thinking that he has already changed his personality with his (and his family’s) new life under the name “illness,” but for her – anxiety, fears, depression and more. Also, the nurse has a female face, which is why the level of empathetic communication of the nurse with the patient is much higher – she reacts emotionally. Even the nurse’s manipulations seem less painful to the patient. Thus, all these aspects have led to a change in the current role of the nurse, the redistribution of essential functions between her and the doctor. They are partners. This is an ideal collaboration, meaning there are many more functions that need to be delegated to nurses, such as discussion, consultation, bypass, nurse diagnosis, and more.

This may sound fantastic to some, but watching the nurses work at one of Switzerland’s leading clinics is lovely. They have their advice, and the head nurse is not just an equal partner of the head doctor: in some matters, her words or decisions weigh more! There are such concepts as medical situations, psychotherapy, nursing diagnostics. The Nurses Association is very active, in particular, publishes textbooks, share experiences, discuss “internal” issues.

Now every college is taking over the best world experience in such matters – not in words but practice. If you are already declaring the level of training should be appropriate. To call a nurse a specialist, she needs to be prepared for a new role and new functions, since all of these imply fundamentally different attitudes and requirements for her. Undoubtedly, the level of payment of the nurse as the doctor should be changed.

🏥 Nursing responsibilities

Globalization and integration processes in society, dynamic development of medical technologies, recognition by the world community of the problem of physical, moral and social health as the leading indicator and success of the state, social demand for the determine the particular of secondary health care staff in general and nurses in particular.

The nurse must successfully possess fundamental national and international professional standards and actively carry out.

The nurse is required to perform her professional duties to be guided by the standards of professional morality and ethics. In the conditions of the shift of the professional setting on the human-centric especially such moral and ethical qualities of personality become in demand, such as humane treatment of a person, love, charity, responsibility, deep awareness, and conscientious fulfillment of civic and professional duty, respect, tolerance, empathy. The professional ethics of the nurse depends on the trust and attitude of the patient and his family to the whole. The importance of professional and personal traits actualizes the need to improve the content of the, in particular when studying the disciplines of social and humanitarian, psychological, pedagogical, vocational training, carrying out educational research, scholarly work, production practices that are defined by industry standards for higher medical education. At the same time, they draw attention to another vital one question: the bearers of which intellectual qualities and moral virtue must be, in fact, the personality of the teacher through whom each pupil consistently and systematically acquires mental, aesthetic, practical experience. “In pedagogical action, there are two similar subjects in meaningful substance – Man and Man. They should create a sense of peace, balance, well-being, happiness in each other. How to do it – the teacher knows first and foremost. He must teach his disciples. To teach unobtrusively, unconventionally, involuntarily. To teach with your behavior, your status, your Knowledge, your Humanity, your Liberty, your Happiness, your Talent.»

Medical colleges provide training to nurses, taking into account the moral and ethical components of future professional activity. Still, this process is hampered by several contradictions, in particular between:

  • the growing demands of society for the quality of health care of different categories of population and the underestimation in the dimensions of pedagogical action;
  • the importance of professionally oriented disciplines in shaping the  changes in medicine, psychology, pedagogy and insufficient moral and ethical orientation of their content;
  • the high potential of industrial practices, out-of-class educational work in the and inadequate adaptation of program content practice and scholarly work to achieve this goal;
  • teachers’ awareness of the need for improvement in the process of and the educational and methodological support of this process is insufficient.

Upgrading medical education requires a new set of requirements for the training of future physicians. One of the main tasks new medical school is the formation of a learning process not only in the plane of mastering knowledge and mastering skills but also in the process of cognitive development and the personal creation of the student. All this is indissoluble related to nursing reform and implementation of the nursing process in teaching institutions and improvement of the overall training system mid-level specialists. After all, training specialists Nurses who can plan and deliver self-care of the patient, assisting him in solving functional, social, and psychological problems that certify compliance with the requirements of domestic and foreign standards.

📕 Discipline “Fundamentals Nursing” aims to teach students

Discipline Fundamentals Nursing

To master professional medical terminology, competently and correctly acquire theoretical knowledge and practical skills in the implementation of the nursing process. Formation’s view of the profession, familiarization with the moral concepts, principles, and traditions of nursing will allow students to understand the nature of the future better business.

The nurse must diligently perform her duties regarding the dispensing of medicines and the manipulation. She is obliged to be always collected, calm and balanced, to avoid nervousness and hassle in work. With the worsening of the patient’s condition, panic and confusion cannot be tolerated. In such cases, the nurses’ actions must be clear and confident. It should be remembered that carelessness in the work, outside conversations while serving patients, as well as foreclosure, arrogance undermine the authority of the nurse. Skilled, transparent, timely, and careful execution of appointments and procedures strengthen the patient’s belief in the success of treatment. The appearance of the medical staff is essential for creating a favorable atmosphere in the hospital. Neat, in a white coat, with his hair tucked away under his hat, the nurse arouses the patient’s confidence. Conversely, a crumpled or soiled bathrobe, poorly groomed hands, excess jewelry, and cosmetics, irritating odors adversely affect the patient.

It is an essential duty of the nurse to keep professional secrecy if it does not affect the interests of society or the patient. Nurses have no right to disclose and discuss information about the illness and intimate life of a patient that they have received in the course of their professional duties. Nurses do not have to take on functions that are within the medical competence to explain to patients or their relatives the nature of the disease, to interpret the results of laboratory, instrumental, and radiological examinations. They can speak only about the general condition of the patient. The attention and sensitivity of the nurse to patients should not go beyond the reasonable. Patients should be treated with severe tenderness to avoid flirtation and obsession.

It is unacceptable in the presence of patients to discuss or criticize the professional level and appointment of physicians. This undermines not only the authority of the doctor but also the patient’s belief in the success of treatment.

The level of general cultural development, acquaintance with literature, art, ability to organize one’s self-education, is essential for the formation of a physician’s personality. They must become an innate spiritual need, a moral credo of a person who expresses them in their daily actions.

🌎Nursing staff’s role in ethical compliance

One of the rights of the individual is freedom from the image. It is hard for many people to imagine that helpers and family members can offend a person who is dependent on them and their care. Inflicting physical or moral harm on someone as a result of hostility is called an insult. If a person is harmed by the lack of proper supervision by the caretaker staff, this is called neglect of their duties.

Known cases are the image of children, it’s awful, it’s hard to believe. Children are physically abused, beaten, pushed, threatened. Parents or caregivers are physically harmed when they are denied food, water, clothing, shelter, and human communication. Children are terrorized emotionally, always shouting at them, cursing, being silenced, or threatened with beatings. They are sexually abused by those who intentionally touch or pinch their breasts, buttocks or genitals, or induce them to engage in sexual acts of all kinds.

They offend not only children but also adults. Those who depend on outside care physically or emotionally are particularly vulnerable to the image. When the nurse provides care to the patient, she also assumes responsibility for protecting that person from the insult. It is mandatory to report the injury or harm if the nursing nurse knows or suspects it.

Insults are being inflicted on all walks of life. Both men and women can be abusers and their victims. They can be of any age, race, and creed. Their families can have any cultural or educational background or income. When caring for the elderly and disabled, care should be taken to show disrespect or hurt towards patients. They may be depicted as employees, neighbors, or family members. An example may be a family member, friend, or relative living outside the home.

The conceptual idea of ​​research. In the context of dynamic changes occurring in the world and internal medicine, a social inquiry is formed for nurses who carry out professional activities taking into account professional and ethical knowledge, high level of moral convictions, and moral and ethical relations capable of professional. Effective solution of these problems is possible provided that the model is built into the educational process of medical colleges, which is made taking into account the provisions of systemic, personality-activity, competence, interdisciplinary, cultural and psychological content, structure, stages. The disciplines of social-humanitarian, psychological-pedagogical, vocational training, the content of which is supplemented by, aimed at knowledge, moral beliefs of students. Educational work and industrial practice contribute to the improvement of professional and ethical knowledge and skills, the development of moral convictions, and attitudes.

⚕️ Forming professional ethics

The process of forming the professional ethics of nurses will be more effective if in the educational system work of medical college to gradually implement the model, which is based on interconnection normative-targeted, substantive-procedural, evaluatively effective blocks and positively influences the quality of the educational and educational activity. This effect is achieved under the following conditions:

  • creation of an educational and educational environment in the medical college, which promotes the positive motivation of students to develop professional ethics;
  • ensuring the moral and ethical orientation of the content;
  • organization of ethics-pedagogical interaction “student-student”, “student-teacher”, “student – medical worker”, “Student – patient”.

The nursing profession is unique. Its uniqueness is in an organic alloy of high professionalism, professional skill, medical culture, which are indispensable components: deep awareness of civic and professional duty, professional responsibility, humane attitude and respect for the person, charity, tolerance, willingness to provide competent assistance to patients regardless of their age or gender, nature of the disease, race or nationality, religious or political beliefs, social or material status, empathy, responsiveness, compassion, empathy. Such professionally important ethical qualities have always been valued in the nurse, and today, when old moral guidelines have destroyed the life and health of citizens depend on the actions of these specialists.

To a significant extent, improvement of physical and moral health in the country depends on the willingness of nursing staff and, above all,  world, and European standards, and to provide educational and preventative work to the population based on a deep awareness of their civic and professional background.

The terms “nurse” in the reference sources explain. In essence, this is a specialist with secondary medical education that works under the direction of a doctor in therapeutic, treatment, and preventive institutions, preschools, and schools and performs several relevant professional medical functions.

Recently, the International Council of Nurses has initiated the introduction of the specialty “professional nurse.” In essence, such specialists should have basic training, have methods of assessment of the physical health of patients, skills of modern diagnostics, communication skills, which allows him to perform professionally: humanitarian aid to engage.

📑 The features of the professional activities of nurses 

features of the professional activities of nurses

First, let’s explain the concepts of “activity” and “professional activity.” Analysis of philosophical reference and encyclopedic sources testifies to the idea of “activity” as a human form of active attitude to the outside world. Activities, the researchers note, include the purpose, means, outcome, and process of the event itself; an essential characteristic of the business is its awareness. Distinguish between physical activity as the interaction in the context of production; social activity as a human influence on social processes and organization of social life; a spiritual activity that is realized in an intellectual.

In psychological reference sources, the essence of the concept “Activity” is presented as a dynamic system of interaction of the subject with the world, in the course of which the emergence and embodiment of the objects of the mental image and the realization of mediated relations in the subject reality. S. Rubinstein proved the unity of consciousness and activity. Under the operation of the psychologist understood the process by which one or another attitude of man to the world, other people, to the tasks that life puts before him. The scientist distinguishes the practical and theoretical activity of man as a subject connected with that connected with combined with thinking. Yes, thinking is considered as an activity when taking into account the motives of the person, his attitude to the tasks. The psychologist understood the connection between the subject and his business as a condition of formation of the item, its development.

The concept of “professional activity of a nurse” as a kind ongoing activity, the specificity of which, treatment, and prevention. It should be noted that nurses with such education are currently working in medical establishments and institutions: junior specialist, bachelor, master. Nurse – a junior specialist is called to carry out preventive activities, care, and care for patients. In addition to the functions of the junior specialist, the nurse-bachelor of medicine manages nursing structures, provides medical assistance in specialized departments, participates in the training of junior nurses. The nurse-master expands her activity in clinical nursing, performs managerial functions of the chief specialists of health departments, chief nurses of medical-preventive establishments, engages in teaching, research activities.

Note that nursing is different from medicinal and needs specialized knowledge. Medical activity is that all the knowledge and practical actions of the doctor are directed to the detection of pathophysiological changes in the human body, the discovery of the disease and its treatment. The nurse is aimed at the whole person, that is, the personality, which according to the research of psychologists, has a unique set of psychological qualities (character, temperament, social experience, life position). The nurse teaches self-care and self-hygiene elements, helps the patient and his family to adapt psychologically to the situation.

The basis of the professional activity of the nurse is based on the following basic concepts: the person as a person, the environment, environment, Health, nursing. Life, the right to life of a person is under the maximum legal protection of the state. Everyone has the right to defend his or her life and health, life, and health of others against unlawful encroachment. The environment includes external factors of influence on the person:

  • physical (air quality, water, etc.);
  • social (family, school, friends, acquaintances, work colleagues, etc.);
  • cultural (human behavior, its relationship with other people (language, traditions, customs, beliefs, communication techniques, etc.).

Knowledge about the patient’s environment helps the nurse to build relationships more effectively. Health (physical, moral) is often characterized as an equilibrium, harmony, norm, full existence of an organism, its adaptation to external and internal stresses, a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and illness in return – as a disturbance.

Professional ethics integrates professional group ethics (its values, requirements, norms, and rules) and individual ethics individual employee (requirements for different moral, professional, and ethical qualities, which are conditioned by the peculiarities of character, general personality culture, moral level maturity. Such qualities lead to persistent manifestations of moral consciousness in the behavior, attitudes, and actions of the employee. They combine the socio-typical traits inherent in a professional group and individual characteristics.

Based on the generalization of research, professional ethics is considered as a system of moral standards, priority ethical qualities of professional activity, or a code; specific rulemaking and normative practice in the field of a particular profession. The content of professional ethics can be presented in the form of a scale of the necessary moral and ethical qualities of the individual, as well as theoretical concepts and a system of practical measures for her formation for successful professional activity, moral codes of conduct, which declare a specific type of moral relations between people, which is considered optimal from the point of view performing this professional activity. Professional Ethics also includes issues of humanism, problems of duty, conscience, common, psycho-emotional traits of a specialist, manifested in relationships with colleagues, other people in different social relations, etc. The morality of specific professional groups of people is exploring relevant areas of ethics.

Note that the phrase “nurse” contains the word “sister,” which has such dictionaries and dictionaries synonyms: consolation, mourning, heartbreaking, multifaceted, as Mother of God, sister of mercy. As a teacher, the nurse shows love for people, responsiveness, kindness, professional mastery of various pedagogical methods of teaching and upbringing (culture of communication, the learning of listening, orientation to universal human values, emotional stability. The role of the teacher-educator nurse also performs when joining the educational process during the medical training to solve issues related to providing nursing care when teaching patients of different ages, different cultures, education self-care skills, but-educational work in educational institutions, educate young people from moral and ethical positions.

Therefore, professional nursing is an organized, multifaceted nursing process aimed at the individual with her physical and psychosocial problems. The nurse is guided by international human rights declarations, which outline the importance of moral values, principles, and norms of professional ethics. The purpose of a nurse’s professional activity is to restore and support a person in meeting their basic needs and preserving their health. An integral part of the professional work of the nurse is the ethical component, which is realized in a deep understanding of high professional and moral responsibility for quality. The nursing process and the result of its activities are aimed at compliance with the requirements of the Nursing Code of Ethics, principles of medicine, medical ethics, and deontology.

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